Over nine days in August , the United States and its allies dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese soil, demanded and received the surrender of Japan's forces and ended the Second World War. Following the surrender of Nazi Germany on May 8, the U. The Japanese countered with defensive preparations, and the Americans predicted an invasion would cause hundreds of thousands of Allied deaths, and twice as many Japanese. While carrying out an air raid campaign against the Japanese, Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall considered using chemical weapons to reduce Allied casualties and began stockpiling mustard and tear gas, phosgene and cyanogen chloride. By July 26, the Allies issued the Potsdam Declaration, demanding the Japanese surrender, or else bring about the "inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland.
The Enola Gay
The Second Atomic Bomb | Daily Planet | Air & Space Magazine
Asked by Wiki User. No, the B raids were typically beyond the range of fighter cover. The nearest friendly fighter bases were in Iwo Jima and Okinawa, but they were not often used. Bs did not typically need escorts in any case, as they often flew figh enough, due to their pressurized fuselage, to be unreachable by Japanese fighters. Even if the fighters DID get there, each bomber was equipped with anywhere between 10 and
Hiroshima's Enola Gay carried 12 men, hope and the world's deadliest weapon
On 6 August , piloted by Tibbets and Robert A. Lewis during the final stages of World War II , it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb in warfare. The bomb, code-named " Little Boy ", was targeted at the city of Hiroshima , Japan, and caused the near-complete destruction of the city. Enola Gay participated in the second atomic attack as the weather reconnaissance aircraft for the primary target of Kokura. Clouds and drifting smoke resulted in a secondary target, Nagasaki , being bombed instead.
Asked by Wiki User. Nuclear science was used in the bombing of Hiroshima. There were 12 men on the Enola Gay. The mission to drop atomic bomb on Hiroshima involved 7 planes, but the one we remember is the Enola Gay. B Enola gay and Bockscar.