Gay marriage, also known as same-sex marriage, is the marriage of people of the same sex or gender. In , a same-sex couple in Minnesota applied for a marriage license and was denied. The case was brought to the Minnesota Supreme Court and brought the question of civil marriage rights for same-sex couples to the public attention. Unfortunately, many of these early cases were unsuccessful. In , the first mass same-sex wedding ceremony took place on the National Mall, where almost 2, same-sex couples were married. In , court rulings in New York and California defined same-sex couples as families.
State-by-State History of Banning and Legalizing Gay Marriage
Same-sex marriage in Mexico - Wikipedia
For many years, same-sex marriage has been a hot topic of endless debate. Supporters of same-sex marriage say that a relationship and subsequent marriage between two people of the same sex is natural and normal. These supporters believe that a person does not choose to be gay and is instead born this way. Supporters also say that same-sex couples are just as capable as heterosexual couples when it comes to getting married, living together, and raising children. On the flip side, there are people that are against gay marriage. These people may have religious beliefs that tell them this is wrong.
State Same-Sex Marriage State Laws Map
In the landmark decision, the majority of justices ruled that states must license same-sex marriages and also recognize gay marriages performed legally in other states. As some of the petitioners in these cases demonstrate, marriage embodies a love that may endure even past death. Each filed their own dissenting opinion. The decision upholds the Fourteenth Amendment that requires a state to license a marriage between two people of the same sex and to recognize a marriage between two people of the same sex when their marriage was lawfully licensed and performed out of state, according to the court document. The Constitution grants them that right," the majority wrote.
The Supreme Court in June said that same-sex couples had a constitutional right to marry, effectively requiring that the 13 states that prohibit such unions reverse those bans. Over the last two years, the number of states authorizing gay marriage had expanded rapidly because of legislative decisions, referendums or court orders. A ruling by the Hawaii Supreme Court in allowing same-sex marriage, along with rising demands for marriage equality nationwide, prompted a backlash.