The monarchs of Prussia were members of the House of Hohenzollern who were the hereditary rulers of the former German state of Prussia from its founding in as the Duchy of Prussia. The Duchy had evolved out of the Teutonic Order , a Roman Catholic crusader state and theocracy located along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. The Teutonic Knights were under the leadership of a Grand Master , the last of whom, Albert , converted to Protestantism and secularized the lands, which then became the Duchy of Prussia. The Duchy was initially a vassal of the Kingdom of Poland , as a result of the terms of the Prussian Homage whereby Albert was granted the Duchy as part of the terms of peace following the Prussian War. When the main line of Prussian Hohenzollerns died out in , the Duchy passed to a different branch of the family, who also reigned as Electors of Brandenburg in the Holy Roman Empire. While still nominally two different territories, Prussia under the suzerainty of Poland and Brandenburg under the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire , the two states are known together historiographically as Brandenburg-Prussia.
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Many Americans have German ties, and this European culture has influenced several aspects of American life. In fact, some 46 million Americans have ancestors from Deutschland who started settlements in California, Texas, Pennsylvania and many states in the Midwest. The popular baseball snacks of hot dogs, pretzels and beer came from the German culture, and there are many other German traditions that Americans have adopted as their own. Christmas and Easter are the most famous Christian holidays, and many common traditions and rituals came from Germany.
Sitting square in between September and November, October is the tenth month of the Gregorian calendar. October is seen by many to be a time of real seasonal change, both in the northern and southern hemispheres. Spring has already bloomed in all its glory, and life is becoming more and more pleasant by the day.
It is sometimes called the Battle of, or at, Reichardtswerben , after a different nearby town. The French and Imperial army included almost 42, men, opposing a considerably smaller Prussian force of 22, Despite overwhelming odds, Frederick employed rapid movement, a flanking maneuver and oblique order to achieve complete surprise. The Battle of Rossbach marked a turning point in the Seven Years' War, not only for its stunning Prussian victory, but because France refused to send troops against Prussia again and Britain, noting Prussia's military success, increased its financial support for Frederick. Following the battle, Frederick immediately left Rossbach and marched for 13 days to the outskirts of Breslau.